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What is proposed in this work is to analyze the situation of the automotive industrial chain since the explosion of the world economic crisis (in 2008, in the United States) to the present day and to identify the reflection of the crisis in the jobs of that productive matrix. The economic crisis at the end of the first decade of the 21st century is compounded by the political crisis that deepened after the 2014 elections in the country. To this end, the adapted model, used elsewhere, is replicated, mapping the automotive production chain (Torres & Cário, 2012; Dulci, 2015, 2018) from Brazilian clusters. The objective here is to identify which workers were laid off by the automakers, which were kept and which economic activities were most affected. The hypothesis is that workers directly linked to production, with less demand for qualification, are the first to be laid off. Therefore, the formulation of Adalberto Cardoso (1998) is simplified here, in a work that analyzes the systemic restructuring and the experience accumulated in the face of the skills acquired in formal qualification, in order to test it again in a critical context, in which the crisis is external to the productive configuration per se, but at the same time it affects and is affected by the possibilities of productive reconfiguration. Therefore, we chose to illustrate the Brazilian situation the comparative strategy, with two “new” automotive territories (the south of the state of Rio de Janeiro and the industrial hub of Camaçari, in Bahia), against the “traditional” territory of the Greater ABC Paulista. , in order to investigate whether there are differences in corporate behavior in plants that underwent restructuring processes in relation to those already installed in the most modern ways. The data used comprise the years 2007 to 2017 (the year immediately prior to the international crisis and the most recent year with available information, respectively).



Based on the future that is designed for the automotive sector, the purpose of this article is to describe the Inovar--Auto program, instituted in April 2012 by the federal government, with the objective of supporting technological development, innovation, energy efficiency and a  quality of vehicles and auto parts. In this context, in addition to seeking to increase investments in research, development and engineering through minimum targets, the program aimed to improve the quality of vehicles manufactured in the country, in terms of energy efficiency and vehicle safety. Classified as a protectionist industrial policy by the World Trade Organization (WTO), Inovar-Auto was characterized by the Brazilian government's efforts to expand the nationalization of automotive components, in contrast to the increasing fragmentation of production at a global level. And its closure was followed by the elaboration of a new policy for the sector – the Rota 2030 Program –, which officially took effect in July 2018.

Art. Raphael_Rafael
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This article analyzes the performance of the modular consortium installed at Volkswagen's truck and bus factory in Resende-RJ, throughout its first twenty years of operation. To this end, a multidimensional performance analysis model is proposed, which is composed of indicators from the different perspectives of the company and the main economic and marketing factors of the period 1990-2014. The formulation of the multidimensional model is based on aspects of the BSC (Balanced Scorecard) and PESTEL (Political, Economic, Sociocultural, Technological, Environmental, and Legal) models. While the BSC guided the choice of internal performance indicators, the PESTEL guided the selection of economic factors that interfered with the company's performance. The main characteristics of modular consortia, taken from the scientific literature, are used in the performance analysis of this specific case built from documents and a case study with immersion in the plant. The results of this work were obtained from the analysis of the company's indicators over time, taking into account the influence of historical factors and the main aspects of modular consortia. From the analyses, it can be said that the Volkswagen modular consortium showed resilience to the variations in the economy in the period, in addition to speeding up the expansion of the portfolio, supporting the company to become the leader in the truck market.

Art_Marcelo Amaral
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The article performs an exploratory analysis on the insertion of workers in the automobile industry in the southern region of the state of Rio de Janeiro. Based on the literature on Varieties of Capitalism, especially its more recent re-readings, oriented towards the problem of institutional change, the work explores the hypothesis that this insertion reveals strategies of work relations on the part of companies that combine the exploitation of local institutional resources before -existing, linked to advantages such as low-cost labor and tax exemptions, regarding the creation of new resources.

Through interviews with a selected group of workers of different profiles working in companies in the cluster, the results confirm the existence of strategies of both types, although those linked to the exploitation of low labor costs predominate.

The results of an exploratory nature show that the automobile cluster in Sul Fluminense still has little evidence that denote a more consistent form of upgrading, with the search for strategies leading to an institutional change that, in turn, leading to a more advantageous position being open. in the automotive industry chain, which includes not only activities with greater content of innovation and technology, but also spill overs to other economic activities.

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This work aims to discuss the different dimensions of the “governance” problem, having as a reference the role played by business entities in promoting regional development in the south of the state of Rio de Janeiro, from now on referred to as Sul Fluminense._cc781905- 5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_The region is characterized by the presence of an important cluster of steel and metallurgical companies, especially Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional (CSN), in addition to plants of large national and international groups such as Votorantim, Saint-Gobain and Michelin .


Inspired by the literature on Third Italy, one model stands out, that of “Local Productive Arrangements” (APLs). This is shown as a research program and public policy agenda, with the general objective of identifying and/or promoting the aforementioned characteristics in the most varied industrial clusters – such as the “Metal-Mechanical APL”, discussed in this text.


The results presented in this article demonstrate, on the one hand, that the idea of APL gained centrality in the entities' agenda throughout the analyzed period and, on the other hand, that the results are ambiguous in relation to the effectiveness of this agenda._cc781905-5cde-3194- bb3b-136bad5cf58d_ Therefore, the article intends to develop a critique of the general model of APLs as a theoretical and public policy paradigm, due to its excessive emphasis on the strategic dimension of what is conventionally called “governance” of economic actors and processes.

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